Как развить память и внимание

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Как развить память и вниманиеМы все время получаем большое количество информации из разных источников: работа, Интернет, телевидение, газеты, соседи, книги, стоя в очереди магазина и т. д. Отфильтровывать информацию у нас не всегда получается, поэтому за какой-то вновь полученной новостью, мы забываем более важные вещи. Чтобы не попадать в подобные ситуации, нужно тренировать память, ведь нам это необходимо и в повседневной жизни, и в профессиональной деятельности.

Как развить память и внимание

Как и у любого метода, есть правила его выполнения для достижения желаемого результата. Итак:

Кислородное насыщение мозга. Для результативной работы мозга необходим кислород, поэтому умственно работать нужно в хорошо проветренной комнате. Добавьте к этому прогулки на свежем воздухе по 1-2 часа раз в неделю. И, конечно же, активный спорт!

Полноценный сон. Все недосыпания, недостаток ночного отдыха вредит работе мозга. Ведь именно ночью полностью восстанавливаются клетки мозга. 7-8 часов сна требуется взрослому человеку в сутки и 9 часов подростку.

Расстаться с привычкой к курению. Всем необходимо знать, что курение ухудшает память – это доказали многие ученые. Поэтому занятия по развитию памяти и внимания – отличный повод избавиться от вредной привычки.

Сократить максимально потребление алкогольных напитков. Распитие алкогольных напитков приведет к ослаблению памяти. Концентрация внимания становится тем меньше, чем больше употребление алкоголя. Ошибочно считать, что распитие слабоалкогольных напитков приносит вреда меньше. Это не так! Потребление любых алкогольных напитков в любых количествах негативно влияет на концентрацию, память и организм в целом.

Здоровое питание. Ученые давно и неоднократно доказывали положительное влияние здорового питания на состояние здоровья человека. Работа головного мозга не исключение. В период умственных нагрузок сделайте упор на белковую пищу (рыба, печень, яйца, мясо), которая легко усваивается организмом (вареные или приготовленные на пару овощи, мясо на гриле). Исключите из рациона сладкое, мучное и жирное.

По сути, эти правила касаются не только головного мозга, а всего организма в целом. А поскольку организм человека – это единый механизм, то выход из строя какой-то детали может привести к серьезным нарушениям работы всего механизма.

Прежде чем приступить к описанию самого метода, хочется спросить: почему мы развиваем память и внимание ребенка постоянно (в школе, в садике, дома), а собой не занимаемся? Думаю, что многие дали одинаковый ответ – лень. В таком случае необходимо расставить приоритеты.

  • Итак, если вам нужно запомнить конкретную информацию, сосредоточьтесь на самом процессе запоминания. Вдумайтесь, проведите параллель, ассоциируйте с уже знакомой информацией. Чем больше вы придадите этому внимания, тем легче будет запомнить информацию.
  • Вы забыли что-то очень простое (дату, слово, номер телефона и прочее) не спешите лезть в Интернет, словарь или переспрашивать у знакомых. Попытайтесь вспомнить самостоятельно.
  • Если вам нужно запомнить что-то важное, мысленно прорисуйте это во всех деталях. Мозгу легче запомнить нарисованный мысленно образ.
  • Большие числа при запоминании разбивайте на маленькие группы. Например, нужно запомнить число 3478. 3+4=7 это первые три цифры, а после 7 идет 8. Запомнив это, вы запомните число 3478.
  • Стоя в очереди, в автобусе или в метро, посвятите время решению простых арифметических задач.

Развить память у ребенка поможет пересказ прожитого дня или заучивание стихотворений. Взрослым поможет чтение книг, вникая в сюжет, мозг невольно запоминает детали.

Любая мысленная нагрузка – это зарядка для мозга. Внимание к деталям – тренировка концентрации внимания. У взрослых нагрузка на мозг больше, чем у детей и поэтому мозг нуждается в развитии больше. Хорошая память – это успех во многих начинаниях.

А пока внимательно смотрите видео о возможностях нашей памяти:

78 КОММЕНТАРИИ

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