Почему на свадьбе кричат горько

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Почему на свадьбе кричат "Горько"?В нашей стране существует множество свадебных традиций. Какие-то соблюдаются редко, некоторые чуть чаще. Одной из традиций, которая не обходит стороной почти ни одну свадьбу является обычай кричать молодоженам «Горько». Новобрачные при этом должны поцеловаться.

А знаете ли вы, почему на свадьбе кричат «Горько»? Достоверно отследить происхождение этого обычая нельзя, но есть несколько версий, которые пытаются дать хоть какое-то объяснение.

Горка – горько!

На Руси свадьбы традиционно игрались зимой после окончания Великого поста. И уже в те времена жениху приходилось проходить испытания, чтобы получить невесту. Он должен был и внести знакомый нам по сей день выкуп, и доказать, что он ловок, силен, умен и достоин взять в жены суженую. Одно из таких испытаний проводилось во дворе дома, где живет невеста. Там насыпалась и заливалась горой большая горка. Девица с подружками стояла на самом верху горы и поджидала возлюбленного. А жених с друзьями должен был взобраться на вершину по скользкому льду. Всё это происходило под задорные крики собравшихся гостей «Горка». Добравшись до нареченной, парень целовал невесту. В это время его свита выпрашивала поцелуи у подруг невесты. После этого все под веселые крики «Горка!» дружно катались с ледяной горки.

Впоследствии слово «горка» трансформировалось в современное и знакомое нам «Горько».

Обман духов

Вторая версия отсылает нас к языческим временам, когда люди верили в духов. Духи были добрыми и злыми. Наши предки верили, что злые духи искали дома, где живут в счастье и радости, и мешали хорошей жизни. Именно поэтому на свадьбах все громко кричали «Горько», чтобы нечистая сила поверила в то, что жизнь в доме несладкая, и отправилась в другой дом.

Горькая чаша

С былых времен и пор сей день гостеприимные хозяева лично приветствовали каждого пришедшего гостя. Именно по этой причине невеста во время свадьбы обходила гостей с чаркой, наполненной водкой. Гость клал на поднос деньги и выпивал чарку, приговаривая «Горько!», что подтверждало отменное качество напитка. Некоторые молодожены и в наши дни соблюдают такую традицию.

Горько без тебя

Есть еще одно объяснение криков «Горько!» на свадьбах. Горько молодым оттого, что они вспоминают свою холостую жизнь, в которой было горько друг без друга. И сладким поцелуем они снимают эту горечь.

Горькая ирония

В современных условиях возникла несколько ироничная версия. Молодежь, склонная считать, что хорошее дело браком не назовут, с усмешкой говорит, что после свадьбы сладкая жизнь заканчивается, и дальше уже живется горько. Такая вот примета времени.

Как видите, объяснения разные. Впрочем, не столь важно, откуда пошел обычай, важно, что он жив и сейчас.
Однако в последнее время все чаще молодые просят, чтобы на их бракосочетании кричали «Горько». Ведь зачастую подвыпившие гости делают это своим основным развлечением и поминутно заставляют новобрачных целоваться, да при этом еще и считают. Бедные жених и невеста из-за этого не могут ни поесть, ни поговорить, ни просто передохнуть.

В остальном же традиция вовсе не плохая. Ведь это так приятно – целоваться с любимым человеком.

Советуем также посмотреть видео о том, что современные школьники думают о происхождении традиции кричать «Горько» на свадьбах:

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