Инжир: полезные свойства

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Инжир: полезные свойстваИнжир – одно из самых древних известных нам плодовых растений, родиной которого считается Малая Азия. Этот полезный фрукт еще имеет название фига, смоква, смоковница. Дикие виды инжира произрастают в Азербайджане, Узбекистане и в Крыму. Однако, фиговое дерево можно вполне успешно выращивать и в комнатных условиях. Плоды дерева имеют желтый или темно-бурый цвет и сладкий, иногда приторный вкус. Инжир желтого цвета считается самым вкусным. Свежие плоды можно попробовать только в местах их произрастания. В магазинах фрукты тоже встречаются, но весьма редко. Инжир – фрукт нежный и перевозить его свежим очень трудно, поэтому его чаще сушат. Но даже в сушеном виде сохраняются полезные свойства инжира.

Смоковница – источник жизненных сил

 Инжир, полезные свойства которого были известны еще в древности, богат витаминами C, В1, В2, В6 и минералами: натрием, кальцием, железом, калием, фосфором, магнием, медью и цинком. Помимо этого сушеные плоды инжира содержат 3-6% белка, около 75% фруктозы и глюкозы, а также порядка 20% суточной нормы клетчатки.

Применение инжира в борьбе с болезнями

  • Смоква улучшает пищеварение, а также подходит для профилактики раковых заболеваний.
  • Предупреждает атеросклероз, разнообразные сердечные и сосудистые недуги.
  • Разжижает кровь, предотвращая таким образом образование тромбов.
  • Укрепляет иммунитет и нервную систему.
  • Помогает поддерживать хорошее состояние волос и кожи, благодаря витаминам А и В.
  • Плоды и листья смоковницы обладают выраженными противовоспалительными и антибактериальными свойствами.
  • Применяют инжир также как мочегонное и слабительное средство.
  • Плоды фигового дерева будут полезны при анемии, так как восстанавливают содержание железа в крови.
  • Настойка листьев и плоды оказывают противопаразитное действие на организм.
  • Отвар из листьев полезен при лечении бронхитов и ларингитов.
  • Повязки с толченым инжиром помогут быстрее вылечить рану или ожег.
  • Плоды смоквы являются афродизиаком, улучшают сексуальное влечение. Причем, эти свойства актуальны как для женщин, так и для мужчин.
  • Инжир оказывает положительное действие при заболеваниях печени и селезенки.
  • Свежая мякоть смоковницы избавляет от зубной боли при втирании ее в десны.
  • Инжир лечит многие старческие болезни и считается лекарством для пожилых людей.

Инжир

 Противопоказания к употреблению фиг

  •  Нельзя употреблять в пищу смоковницу людям, страдающим сахарным диабетом.
  • Не употреблять инжир при подагре из-за содержания в нем щавелевой кислоты.
  • С осторожностью фиги нужно кушать при воспалительных заболеваниях ЖКТ, так как смоква содержит довольно большое количество клетчатки.
  • Тем, кто на диете следует помнить, что инжир весьма калориен, а значит необходимо уменьшить количество потребляемых в пищу плодов.

Плоды фигового дерева едят не только сырыми и сушеными. Из инжира можно приготовить множество блюд, ведь он хорошо сочетается как со сладкими блюдами, так и с мясными, а также со сметаной и сыром.

Предлагаем вам также посмотреть видео об инжире:

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