Заеды в уголках рта

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заедыЗаеды в уголках рта способны доставить немало неприятных ощущений. Кроме того, они еще и портят внешний вид. Приходится забыть о губной помаде, отказаться от кислой, острой и соленой пищи, становится больно разговаривать. В медицине эту болезнь называют ангулит, и, к сожалению, от нее никто не застрахован.

Симптомы

Заеды являются следствием инфицирования ротовой полости, например стрептококками. В зависимости от того, с какого рода инфекцией вам довелось столкнуться, симптомы разнятся. Наиболее часто имеют место два варианта развития событий:
В первом случае в уголке рта появляется совсем не большая трещинка, которая чаще всего даже не видна, когда ваш рот закрыт. Тем не менее, заеда вызывает дискомфорт. В некоторых случаях трещинка может увеличиваться и даже кровить. При этом внешний вид больного страдает несильно.
Во втором случае все начинается с небольшого покалывания и жжения в уголках рта. Вслед за этими симптомами образуется пузырек, который быстро лопается, оставляя после себя болезненную трещинку. Такие трещинки обычно очень быстро покрываются корочкой. При сдирании корочка будет образовываться вновь и вновь. Человеку становится неприятно и больно открывать рот. Такие заеды некоторые путают с герпесом на губах. Даже врачу может потребоваться, чтобы вы сдали анализ, для постановки точного диагноза.

Причины появления

Чаще всего заеды появляются у детей и женщин. Это обусловлено тем, что их кожа более тонкая и нежная, чем у представителей сильного пола. Но и мужчин проблема появления заед не обходит стороной. И хотя непосредственной причиной ангулита является инфекция, существует целый ряд факторов, способствующий появлению заед.
Вот основные из них:

  • авитаминоз, в особенности недостаток витаминов группы В;
  • пониженный иммунитет;
  • аллергические реакции в том числе на косметику и лекарственные препараты;
  • неправильный прикус;
  • не вылеченные зубы;
  • механическое раздражение;
  • заболевания желудочно-кишечного тракта;
  • нарушенный обмен веществ;
  • частое облизывание губ.

Как лечить заеды на губах

Если у вас появились заеды в уголках рта, чем лечить напасть лучше всего сможет определить специалист. Дело в том, что при грибковом поражении кожи потребуются одни средства, а при стрептококковом — совершенно другие. Кроме того, инфекция может быть смешанного вида. Именно от того, какого типа инфекция спровоцировала появление ангулита, будет зависеть лечение. Врач назначит вам антигрибковые или антибактериальные препараты, мази или кремы для местного применения, а также поможет с подбором витаминных комплексов.
Впрочем, вы можете помочь себе и в домашних условиях. На помощь придут дезинфицирующие растворы, которыми нужно протирать пораженный участок. Можно использовать буру в глицерине, настойку календулы, травяные примочки. При этом нужно быть уверенным в отсутствии аллергии, чтобы вместо лечения не усугубить проблему. Когда острая фаза воспаления будет позади, на помощь придет облепиховое масло или масляные растворы витаминов А и Е. Учите, что любые масляные субстанции можно применять только на стадии заживления, с целью смягчения кожи и более быстрой регенерации клеток. В самом начале воспалительного процесса масло только способствует росту числа бактерий.
На время лечения потребуется отказаться от использования косметики, курения, употребления острой, сладкой, сильно соленой и кислой пищи, алкоголя. Также следите за тем, чтобы не облизывать губы. Слюна сильно замедлит заживление ранки и может стать источником повторного инфицирования.

Профилактика

лечение заедКто-то сталкивается с проблемой появления заед лишь однажды, а у некоторых ангулит принимает хроническую форму. Чтобы не допустить повторного возникновения болезни, необходимо, в первую очередь заняться общим оздоровлением организма.
Обязательно нужно избавиться от очагов инфекции в полости рта в виде не вылеченных зубов и хронического тонзиллита. Обратите внимание на состояние пищеварительной системы. Следите за тем, чтобы в вашем рационе было достаточно продуктов, содержащих витамины группы В. Ну и конечно же, укрепляйте свой иммунитет. Тогда заеды на губах вам не страшны.

Предлагаем вам также посмотреть видео о том, как ухаживать за губами.

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