Как обработать рану

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Как обработать рануПриход лета означает не только хорошую погоду и ясные солнечные деньки, часто вместе с его наступлением у людей становится больше ссадин, ободранных коленок и мелких царапин. На даче всегда нужно что-то отремонтировать, починить или построить, поэтому непредвиденных ранений возникает намного больше, чем в остальное время года. А если есть еще маленький ребенок, то знать, как обработать рану становится вдвойне важно.

Первое что нужно сделать при ранении, это остановить кровь. Конечно, если ранка неглубокая, то это можно пропустить. Дальше можно думать о том, чем обработать рану и начать искать аптечку, ведь очистить ее от загрязнений антисептиком все же нужно. Можно промыть холодной водой либо если крови совсем нет, то можно даже воспользоваться хозяйственным или самым обычным антисептическим мылом. Желательно потом промокнуть, насухо вытерев края ранки стерильной салфеткой, воспользоваться обеззараживающим средством и наложить бинтовую повязку или наклеить пластырь.

Бинт

Выбор того чем можно обработать ранение очень широк, каждый сможет выбрать для себя наиболее приемлемый вариант. Самый популярный препарат для этих целей – зеленка. Что и неудивительно, ведь это уникальное средство и в действительности зеленка является просто анилиновым красителем. Однако даже самый слабый 1% или 2% раствор такого красителя во много раз эффективнее, нежели другие аналоги. Она не только полностью уничтожает вредные вещества попавшие в ранку, а что важнее, долго сохраняет эффект антисептика. Зеленкой лучше всего обрабатывать ранение средней глубины, которое кровоточит и вполне вероятно, что в дальнейшем превратится в гнойную рану.

Не менее популярен йод, а точнее его 5% спиртовой настой, однако хоть он и идеально подходит для обработки краев пореза или ссадины, однако внутрь самой раны его лить категорически нельзя. Он как бы выжигает микробы и тем самым прижигает само место намазывания, поэтому он легко может сжечь и ранку, а это очень плохо сказывается на процессе заживления кожного покрова. Ввиду этого на тонкой и чувствительной коже лица это средство лучше не применять, а вот если рана на ноге или руке, то, чтобы обработать рану, можно смело пользоваться йодом.

Довольно-таки долгое время перекись водорода имела репутацию исключительно «детского» антисептика, она не так щиплет при нанесении как зеленка или йод и не пачкает одежду. Свойства антисептика пероксида водорода значительны, однако только если им правильно пользоваться. Чтобы обработка перекисью водорода была действенной, нужно действовать по такой схеме: ранку промокнуть чистым полотенцем или салфеткой, дабы вся видимая пыль и грязь была удалена. Далее щедро полить рану перекисью и дать ей подействовать, как бы «прошипеться». Как только пузырьки перестанут появляться, можно накладывать пластырь или стандартную бинтовую повязку.

Еще одно хорошее обеззараживающее средство – фукорцин или жидкость Кастеллани. Этот раствор имеет ярко-малиновый цвет, который сначала может испугать своей насыщенностью. Однако бесспорное преимущество его в том, им можно пользоваться не только как антисептиком для ран на коже, а и при повреждениях слизистой, к примеру, во рту или носу. При всем этом, к сожалению фукорцином нельзя пользоваться во время беременности, это его единственное противопоказание.

Кроме жидких обеззараживающих средств есть и эффективные порошкообразные антисептики – сульфаниламид и стрептоцид. Они справляются не только с уничтожением разных микроорганизмов, а действенно помогают быстрее остановить кровотечение. Единственное – их лучше накладывать на бактерицидный пластырь или марлевую повязку.

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