Какие удобрения вносятся весной


Какие удобрения вносятся веснойСобранный урожай зависит от того, как вы подготовили землю, в том числе и с помощью правильно выбранных удобрений. Перед тем как удобрить почву, важно знать, какие удобрения вносятся весной, а какие – осенью. В общем, они бывают органические и минеральные, по форме же делятся на сыпучие и жидкие. Возможно совмещать различные формы для большей эффективности. Рассмотрим, какие удобрения вносить весной.

Если осенняя перекопка почвы не производилась, то следует сделать это, снабдив органическим удобрением: фосфорным либо калийным. На один квадратный метр почвы вносится 150 граммов суперфосфата и аналогичное количество сернокислого калия. Последний можно заменить 60 граммами хлористого калия или же двумя-тремя стаканами древесной золы. Удобрять нужно по схеме: ведро торфа, компоста или перегноя на квадратный метр площади.

Для стимуляции роста побегов семечковых, нужно внести одну вторую от годовой нормы азотных удобрений, равномерно распределив все вокруг ствола. При слабом плодоношении яблони, необходимо подкормить ее 50 граммами мочевины на квадратный метр. Ухаживая за грушей в первые несколько лет после посадки, рекомендуется подкормка азотными удобрениями, а дальше следует сделать переход на селитру.

Косточковым растениям в первые годы хватает удобрений, внесенных при посадке. Далее их подкармливают азотными удобрениями. При сухой почве удобрение вносят в виде раствора и поливают им землю вокруг ствола дерева. Удобренную почву рыхлят, а за ее пределами можно перекапывать.

Сливы и вишни плодоносят на пятый год. Каждый год после начала плодоношения вносятся минеральные удобрения (на один квадратный метр): 15 граммов мочевины, столько же хлористого калия или 200 граммов древесной золы, 20 грамма гранулированного суперфосфата, а также 1 килограмм навоза или перегноя.

Правильно рассчитав оптимальное количество удобрений, вы всегда будете получать отличный, а главное, полезный урожай.

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