Как ухаживать за орхидеями в домашних условиях

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Как ухаживать за орхидеей в горшкеОрхидея пожалуй самый изысканный цветок, прирученный человеком. Но как и всякая красавица, орхидея невероятно капризна. И прежде чем брать цветок домой, стоит узнать как ухаживать за орхидеей в горшке.Лить или не лить?

Семейство орхидных насчитывает более 25 тысяч видов растений, но всех их объединяет любовь к влаге и воздуху. Именно поэтому орхидеи сажают не в землю, а в пористую смесь сосновой коры, песка и керамзита, со свободной циркуляцией воздуха. Кстати, при выборе горшка даже цвет имеет значение. В горшке должны быть дренажные отверстия внизу и он должен быть прозрачным, ну или как минимум – белым. Таким образом вы убережете корни от перегревания.

Понятие о влажности у тропических цветов отличается от наших представлений. Поэтому зачастую ревностные хозяева орхидей попросту заливают и тем самым губят цветок. Корни орхидей, отличаются от других растений тем, что не гниют при чрезмерном поливе, а становятся грубее и в результате задыхаются от нехватки воздуха. Поэтому полив должен быть частым, но умеренным.

А вот как создать благоприятный микроклимат в отдельно взятой квартире? Ведь зимой отопление пересушивает воздух, а летом сквозь открытые окна попадает много пыли? Можно попытаться опрыскивать цветок десять раз в день, но все же лучше создать маленькую мини-теплицу. Также цветку будет комфортнее жить возле аквариума.

Еще один совет относительно того, как ухаживать за орхидеями в домашних условиях. Воду для полива желательно использовать бутилированую или фильтрованную.

Одиночество принесет плоды

Хищные орхидеи в глубоких джунглях съедают надоедливых жучков и паучков. Более миролюбивые, знакомые нам орхидеи, своих врагов не истребляют, но все же очень не любят другие цветы. Орхидея никогда не зацветет в полную силу, если в комнате находятся другие растения, даже одного с ней семейства. Возможно, природа распорядилась так, чтобы другие растения не комплексовали. 🙂

Изучив как ухаживать за орхиедями дома, многие зачастую забывают о еще одной причуде орхидей. Как бы ни хотелось дотронуться до бархатистого цветка, руки лучше держать при себе. Даже после легкого прикосновения обидчивая орхидея может отказаться расти.

Ушел цветок, опали листья

Как ухаживать за орхидеями после цветения? Ведь так хочется опять увидеть эти яркие цветы. Если после цветения на растении остался цветонос, то можно аккуратно срезать его кончик стерильными ножницами и прижечь ранку спиртом. И ждать, ведь если он сам не отвалился, то вполне возможно он еще раз зацветет или принесет «детку».

Орхидеи предпочитают температуру 10 до 30 °C. И готовы к периодическим высыханиям грунта. Зимой они впадают в спячку и практически не нуждаются во влаге. Если летом орхидеи поливают раз в четыре дня, то зимой достаточно поливать раз в неделю. Обычно орхидеи цветут два раза в год, и при правильном уходе цветок может продержатся до четырех месяцев. В период формирования цветка растение обычно подкармливают удобрениями с повышенным содержанием фосфора, а в спокойный сезон – с большим количеством азота.

Видео о том, как ухаживать за орхидеями!

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