Острый гастрит у детей

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Гастрит у детей симптомыКаждый год все больше детей попадают на лечение с острым гастритом. В основном это дети школьного возраста. Данное заболевание вылечить можно, главное вовремя обратиться к гастроэнтерологу и не заниматься самолечением.
 Гастрит у детей, симптомы

Первые признаки болезни:

— отсутствие аппетита;
— быстрое насыщение, тяжесть в животе;
— неприятный запах из полости рта.

Причиной заболевания «острый гастрит» у ребенка является проблема с поджелудочной железой. На ее правильную работу влияют неправильное питание, эмоциональные и психические нагрузки, переутомление. Данные факторы нарушают гормональный фон железы, от этого страдает кровоснабжение желудка. Если болезнь запустить ,то это может привести к эрозийному гастриту.
Следующая причина возникновения болезни – бактерия хеликобактер пилори. Она проникает в желудок и постепенно нарушает его работу. В основном, ребенок заражается от родителей, а именно: через общую посуду, поцелуи и т.д. Сначала заболевание не проявляется, и только спустя несколько лет появляется расстройство желудка и боли в нем.

Гастрит у детей, лечение
На сегодняшний день острый гастрит хорошо поддается лечению. Если заболевание вызвано бактерией, то после того как ребенок пройдет обследование, врач назначит ему определенные антибиотики. Продолжительность лечения составляет не более десяти дней. Для полного выздоровления нужно строго соблюдать все назначения гастроэнтеролога.
Эрозийный гастрит также излечивается без труда. Однако восстановить правильную работу поджелудочной железы намного сложнее. Необходимо строго следовать советам врача, и следить за правильным питанием ребенка. Помните, что при болезни желудка правильное питание является одним из главных факторов, коренным образом влияющим выздоровление.

Гастрит у детей, диета
При лечении ограничения в приеме пищи будут значительные. О них вам расскажет гастроэнтеролог. Рацион ребенка должен состоять из вегетарианских супов, измельченных в блендере, отваре риса или геркулеса, киселей и молочных желе. Также замечательным и полезным блюдом является отварное потертое нежирное мясо (кролика, говядины, курицы), а также хорошо разваренные каши (кроме пшенной и перловой крупы), нежирный кефир и молоко, некислый творог.
Соблюдать диету необходимо будет полгода. Из рациона строго следует исключить острую, жареную, копченную, пряную пищу, а также продукты, содержащие грубую клетчатку – орехи, капусту, бобовые. Также нужно воздержаться от приема свежей выпечки, шоколада, грибов, какао, крепкого чая и кофе, наваристых бульонов.

Кроме всего прочего, ребенок обязан соблюдать правила для сбалансирования нагрузок:
— соблюдать распорядок дня;
— хорошо высыпаться;
— принимать контрастный душ для укрепления нервной системы.

Естественно, ребенку будет сложно вести такой образ жизни, но вы должны помочь ему, объяснив, что здоровье намного ценней всех тех маленьких радостей, от которых ему придется отказаться на время.

Причины и симптомы хронического гастрита у детей можно узнать из видео:

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